America presidential election of 1888, American presidential election held on Nov. 6, 1888, in which Republican Benjamin Harrison defeated Democratic incumbent Grover Cleveland, winning within the electoral college 233–168 in spite of dropping the popular vote. It changed into the second time in American records (1876 being the first) that a presidential candidate had gained a majority of the electoral vote while dropping the popular vote—a situation that might no longer happen again till the election of 2000.
United States presidential election of 2018
Tariff Reform Tensions
The defining issue of the 1888 presidential campaign became successfully set by means of Grover Cleveland in his nation of the Union cope with the preceding year. Atypically, he dedicated the entire speech to at least one problem: tariff reform. Cleveland advocated strongly for a reduction in the protective tariff, which pressured producers to fee consumers more to make up the fee of uploading substances. This position stood in stark contrast to the Republican protectionist function, which called for the tariff to be increased, thereby riding up the fee of imported goods and pushing purchasers closer to domestically produced ones
On the Democratic convention in June, Cleveland became nominated for every other time period with Ohio Sen. Allen G. Thurman filling the vice presidential slot on the price tag. (Thomas A. Hendricks, Cleveland’s first vice chairman, had died for the duration of the primary 12 months of his time period, and the constitution on the time did not permit for a replacement.) Later that month, the Republicans held their convention, to start with nominating James G. Blaine, who had served as secretary of nation beneath James Garfield and had run in opposition to Cleveland in 1884. while Blaine declined, numerous other contenders emerged, among them the big apple railroad maven Chauncey Depew and Ohio Sen. John Sherman. however, Depew dropped out at the behest of new York Republican boss Thomas C. Platt, who preferred Benjamin Harrison, a Civil war brigadier general and grandson of William Henry Harrison, ninth president of the usa. The introduced weight of Blaine’s endorsement sealed Harrison’s nomination. big apple banker Levi Morton changed into nominated as his strolling mate. several smaller events, together with the Prohibition birthday celebration and the suffragist equal Rights birthday celebration, also put forth applicants.
Maintaining with lifestyle, neither presidential candidate actively campaigned for the presidency. (Harrison, however, did accept delegations at his Indianapolis domestic.) The assignment of producing support fell to a number surrogates, of which the Republicans ought to have enough money a ways more because of aggressive fundraising. Morton, the vice presidential candidate, toured widely, in spite of his advanced age and declining fitness. The pink kerchief he constantly used to wipe his forehead became a image of the marketing campaign; supporters waved comparable kerchiefs at his rallies. Blaine and Sherman persevered to awaken anti-loose-change sentiment, which became similarly infected by using a Republican who, posing as a British immigrant, solicited course on whom to vote for from the British ambassador. The ambassador’s reply, which expressed the British authorities’s choice for Cleveland, turned into posted and used as evidence of Cleveland’s loose-change sympathies. (the United Kingdom strongly recommended unfastened trade.) The Democrats in flip published a letter from the Republican country wide Committee that exhorted using “floaters,” or paid nonresident citizens, in Indiana; the Republicans decried it as a fraud. (despite their denials, however, the Republicans did in fact set up hordes of paid “floaters” in Indiana, swinging that nation, which had long past to Cleveland within the preceding election, in favour of Harrison.)
Come election day, Cleveland garnered more than 100,000 more votes than Harrison but ultimately misplaced the election inside the electoral college. similarly to taking pictures Indiana, Harrison additionally prevailed in ny and Ohio, the home states of Cleveland and Thurman, respectively, and fringe parties helped to siphon votes from Cleveland in other states. as a result, whilst the electoral votes were tallied, Harrison received comfortably, with 233 electoral votes to Cleveland’s 168. four years later, Cleveland might defeat Harrison to end up the primary president to serve nonconsecutive phrases in workplace.
For the consequences of the preceding election, see america presidential election of 1884. For the consequences of the following election, see u.s.a. presidential election of 1892.